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Seven steps to protect the kidney of diabetic patients

2017-08-17 14:44

Diabetic nephropathy is a common complication of diabetes, diabetes is one of the systemic microvascular lesions, the clinical features were proteinuria, progressive renal dysfunction, hypertension, edema, late severe renal failure, is one of the main causes of death in patients with diabetes mellitus. The patient should protect the kidney as early as possible, and must do the following 7 points.

Control glycemic control

Now that you have diabetes, you have to be treated and the treatment must be up to standard. Because the symptoms of type 2 diabetes are not obvious early, and when symptoms are taken, the patient has more or less complications, which are unfavorable to the treatment and prognosis of the patients. Therefore, we advocate the control of standards, non-compliance is no cure. Blood sugar levels are not stable or high blood sugar is still on the heart, brain and kidney, eye and other organs of the body's most important chronic damage, promote the occurrence of complications, especially may cause renal early occult and irreversible damage.

Control blood pressure to normal level

Generally, diabetes mellitus is accompanied by hypertension, which aggravates the burden on the kidneys. Patients with kidney disease should pay more attention to blood pressure control. Hypertension can accelerate the progression and deterioration of diabetic nephropathy. Whether it is type 1 diabetes or type 2 diabetes, inhibitors of ACE inhibitors are preferred in antihypertensive treatment. The second is calcium antagonist, which has no adverse effect on glycolipid metabolism. It is recommended to use long acting or short acting controlled release agents and combined with converting enzyme inhibitors for better treatment.

Reduce sodium intake

Most people with type 2 diabetes are associated with obesity, appetite and salt exposure. Experts have found that excessive salt exposure can accelerate the decline of kidney function in patients with kidney disease.

Early intervention therapy

The effect of early intervention treatment for diabetes patients is obvious. No diabetic patients with diabetic nephropathy and diabetic nephropathy has occurred, should be under the guidance of a doctor, application of antioxidants such as vitamin E and vitamin C, traditional Chinese medicine six tasteglutinous Rehmannia Pill intervention, can obtain good effect; the blood pressure is not in the ideal level can be matched with the application of antihypertensive drugs, on the one hand, increase insulin sensitivity on the other hand, reduce proteinuria in patients with urinary protein have been filtered out to protect the kidney function.

Regular monitoring

Blood glucose levels change with the seasonal changes of the environment, and also fluctuate with the sensitivity of the drugs. It is necessary for diabetic patients to monitor their blood sugar regularly and monitor their urine protein and blood pressure regularly.

Reasonable diet

Patients with diabetes should be high-quality animal protein, in which insulin, may be appropriate to increase the intake of carbohydrates, to ensure that there is enough heat to avoid decomposition increase the burden of kidney excretion of protein and fat. In addition, reduce the intake of various high calorie fried foods and crude protein.

Avoid the use of nephrotoxic drugs

Diabetics should avoid the use of drugs that are harmful to the kidneys, such as gentamicin, streptomycin, amikacin, and certain Chinese herbal preparations.

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