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A common method for the treatment of renal failure

2017-06-14 15:48

What are the common ways to treat renal failure? Here's a brief introduction:

1., remove the cause, symptomatic treatment, control infection and correct the water, electrolyte disturbance and acidosis.

2. non dialysis therapy. Low protein and low phosphorus diet can delay the progression of disease. The protein intake was adjusted according to renal function, among which high quality protein (eggs, milk, lean meat, etc.) accounted for 50% to 70%. The heat should be 146 thousand and 300 Jiao / kg / day, limiting the proportion of vegetable protein, and substituting wheat starch, potato or corn starch to replace rice and flour. Supplement essential amino acids to increase protein synthesis, improve malnutrition status and immune status caused by chronic low protein diet, and reduce blood phosphorus. Oral Chinese rhubarb or decoction enema can reduce the effect of Bun in mild uremic patients. Oral adsorbent, oxidized starch, can be combined with intestinal urea nitrogen or amine, so as to discharge with feces, reduce Bun.

If the damage of the kidney is still in the early stages, it can be controlled by drugs and diet. However, end-stage renal failure has no hope of recovery. For chronic renal failure, only two ways to treat dialysis or a kidney transplant.

Kidney transplantation is the process of transplanting an organ donor's kidney into the recipient's body by surgery. Possible source of kidney: family, spouse, close friend, or brain death, and a person who has signed consent to organ donation. Of course, the most matched kidney usually comes from brothers and sisters who receive transplants because their genes are most likely to be compatible with each other.

Kidney transplants are the best way to treat kidney failure because the kidney transplanted into the patient can almost completely replace the function of the failing kidney, allowing the patient to live a normal life.

Dialysis refers to by filtration, selectively exclude certain substances in the blood. That is to say, through artificial routes, the patient's toxic waste, water and salt accumulated in the body after the failure of the kidney are eliminated, so that the patient's health is restored to health. Before the dialysis in two forms: hemodialysis and peritoneal dialysis. Hemodialysis is the use of a special machine instead of the kidneys. Peritoneal dialysis uses the peritoneum of the body as a filter to remove toxins from the body.

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